In India, architecture is not just a structure or building but it is closely associated with tradition and culture. The traditional architecture used the locally available materials like teak, linen and this type of construction technique is also known as the vernacular type of architecture. Meanwhile, the modern architecture started to evolve after the World war 2 & especially post 20th century, with the revolution in construction materials like cast iron, reinforced concrete, and glasses to build the construction stronger and taller. Here are some of the primary differences between the traditional and modern architecture.
The colours used in modern and traditional architecture have lumpsum differences because the traditional architecture preferred only lighter colour shades (considering the goodwill it brings) like white, grey and green. But modern architecture didn’t restrict to colours on their constructions and they used a wide range of colours from creamy white to a coal-black; to add on the sophisticated and aesthetic look.
The traditional construction process comprised a lot of Symbolic representations (symbols such as axe, knife, ornaments and animal image replications) in individual homes as well as in religious constructions. Hence, most of the traditional constructions defined history, character and even the life story of kings. In contrast, modern architectures came up with a variety of exterior and interior designs. This type of construction preferred nature-oriented themes and crafty arch skills to construct an individual home, rather than the use of traditional symbols (Religious and community).
In traditional architecture practices, there were limitations to have access to many construction materials. During that course of time, traditional architects used mud, bamboos, and thatch to construct homes that were reasonable and sustainable for a required period. This type of construction was considered affordable due to relatively less labour effort. Yet, traditional architecture method gave provision to use only load bearings & that technology restricted the architects to build skyscrapers. On contrary, modern architects used light weight steel infrastructures as construction material, where the columns (interior) carry most of the load and so the constructions were very light to the floor & they were easy to raise high.
Whether it is traditional or modern architecture, each has a unique construction style and feature. The traditional construction style is mostly preferred by the people who love the subtle ambience and the modern construction style is opted by people who like to experiment with a variety of construction techniques which are being used worldwide.